Magna Moralia - audiobook ARISTOTLE (384 BC - 322 BC), translated by St. George William Joseph STOCK (1850 - ?) Magna Moralia (Ancient Greek: ?????? ???????, English: Great Ethics) discusses topics including friendship, virtue, happiness and God. It is disputed whether Aristotle wrote Magna Moralia. This author concludes that it is absurd to suggest that God contemplates only God but does not propose an alternative activity for God. (Summary by Geoffrey Edwards) Genre(s): Classics (Antiquity), Read more [...]
Eudemian Ethics audiobook by Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC) Translated by J. Solomon Eudemian Ethics (Greek: ?????? ???????? Latin: ETHICA EUDEMIA) discusses topics including virtue, friendship, happiness and God. It is believed to have been written before Nicomachean Ethics and to be named after Eudemus of Rhodes. Books IV, V, and VI of Eudemian Ethics are identical to books V, VI, and VII of Nicomachean Ethics and are excluded from this translation. (Summary by Geoffrey Edwards)     Read more [...]
Topics by Aristotle (384 - 322 BCE) Translated by Octavius Owen (1816 - 1873) The Topics is is the fifth of Aristotle's six texts on logic which are collectively known as the Organon ("Instrument"). The Topics constitutes Aristotle's treatise on the art of dialectic—the invention and discovery of arguments in which the propositions rest upon commonly-held opinions or endoxa. Topoi are "places" from which such arguments can be discovered or invented. In his treatise on the Topics, Aristotle Read more [...]
Rhetoric by Aristotle (384 BCE - 322 BCE) Translated by Thomas Taylor (1758-1835) The Rhetoric was developed by Aristotle during two periods when he was in Athens, the first between 367 to 347 BCE (when he was seconded to Plato in the Academy), and the second between 335 to 322 BCE (when he was running his own school, the Lyceum). The Rhetoric consists of three books. Book I offers a general overview, presenting the purposes of rhetoric and a working definition; it also offers a detailed discussion Read more [...]
Posterior Analytics by Aristotle (384 BC -- 322 BC) Translated by Octavius Freire Owen (1816 - 1873) Posterior Analytics is the fourth of Aristotle's six texts on logic which are collectively known as the Organon ("Instrument"). Posterior Analytics deals with demonstration, definition, and scientific knowledge. Demonstration is distinguished as a syllogism productive of scientific knowledge, while Definition is marked as the statement of a thing's nature, a statement of the meaning of the name, Read more [...]
Politics by Aristotle (384 BCE-322 BCE) Translated by Benjamin Jowett (1817-1893) The Politics, by the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, is one of the most influential texts in political philosophy. In it, Aristotle explores the role that the political community should play in developing the virtue of its citizens. One of his central ideas is that "Man is a political animal," meaning that people can only become virtuous by active participation in the political community. Aristotle also criticizes Read more [...]
Parva Naturalia (FULL Audio Book) by Aristotle (384 BCE - 322 BCE) Translated by William Alexander Hammond Parva Naturalia [the "short treatises on nature" (a conventional Latin title first used by Giles of Rome)] is a collection of books by Aristotle, which discuss natural phenomena involving the body and the soul. The books are as follows: I - On Sensation and the Sensible II - On Memory and Recollection III - On Sleeping and Waking IV - On Dreams V - On Prophecy in Sleep VI - On Longevity Read more [...]
On the Heavens by Aristotle (384-422) Translated by John Leofric Stocks (1882 - 1937) On the Heavens (Greek: ???? ???????, Latin: De Caelo or De Caelo et Mundo) is Aristotle's chief cosmological treatise. In it Aristotle argues that the Earth is a sphere by pointing to the evidence of lunar eclipses. Aristotle also provides a detailed explanation of his theory of 'gravity' arguing that things which contain 'earth' fall towards the centre of the Universe because 'earth' is naturally attracted Read more [...]
The Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle (384 BCE - 322 BCE) Translated by Thomas Taylor (1758-1835) The work consists of ten books, originally separate scrolls, and is understood to be based on notes said to be from his lectures at the Lyceum which were either edited by or dedicated to Aristotle's son, Nicomachus. In many ways this work parallels the similar Eudemian Ethics, which has only eight books, and the two works can be fruitfully compared. Books V, VI, and VII of the Nicomachean Ethics are Read more [...]
Metaphysics (FULL Audio Book) by Aristotle (384 BC -- 322 BC) Metaphysics is essentially a reconciliation of Plato's theory of Forms that Aristotle acquired at the Academy in Athens, with the view of the world given by common sense and the observations of the natural sciences. According to Plato, the real nature of things is eternal and unchangeable. However, the world we observe around us is constantly and perpetually changing. Aristotle's genius was to reconcile these two apparently contradictory Read more [...]